The Five Niyamas
This week is An introduction to the five Niyamas, the second limb of the ‘Eight Limbs of Yoga’ and they refer to duties directed towards ourselves – inner observances. They are intended to help us build character. When we work with the Niyamas –we are guided from the grossest aspects of ourselves to the truth deep within.
1 Saucha (cleanliness)
Saucha can be translated as ‘cleanliness’, but it doesn’t just mean physical cleanliness. For example, cultivating Saucha gives us the ability to recognise the habits we have picked up in our life that no longer serve us. If we take our ‘bad’ habits on to the mat with us, then our practice becomes a lot harder, we have to sift through the ‘impurities’ or negativity we’ve picked up before reaping the benefits of yoga.
2 Santosha (contentment)
Santosha often translates as ‘contentment’, and is often easier said than done! A very common Vritti (fluctuation of the mind) that we all experience is “I’ll be happy when/if….” We can ease this Vritti by cultivating Santosha. Santosha encourages us to accept and appreciate what we have and what we are, right now. And from there we can move forward in our life and practise with more ease and contentment!
3 Tapas (discipline)
Tapas can be translated into ‘discipline’ or ‘burning enthusiasm’. This Niyama helps us cultivate a sense of self discipline, passion and courage. Tapas has many meanings and how it’s expressed in you can be different to someone else’s experience. But essentially it is our inner wisdom that we sometimes ignore and it’s the fiery passion that feeds our sense of purpose!
4 Svadhyaya (self study)
Svadhyaya literally means ‘one’s own reading’ or ‘self-study’. Like Patanjali says “Study thyself, discover the divine”. Practicing self-reflection, observation and study of the self makes us more aware of the things we do that harm us, plus the things that serve us, bringing us in closer contact with our true self. Svadhyaya also encourages us to further educate ourselves in whatever inspires and fascinates us, deepening our own knowledge.
5 Isvara Pranidhana (surrendering to a higher power)
Isvara Pranidhana is often translated as ‘surrendering to God’. It may easier to interpret this as ‘surrendering to a higher power’ or simply letting go of our expectations. Do our best, be authentic and life live fully, but let go of the story and of our expectations. Cultivating Isvara Pranidhana in our life will ease the Vrittis that cause worry and stressful thoughts and offers us a chance to feel empowered in daily life.
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Next week’s article is about Asana (physical practice)